Electrons are the building blocks of matter. They have two types of bonding, ionic bonding, which are responsible for their attraction to one another, and covalent bonding which are responsible for their repulsion from each other. This property enables them to act as an electron pair.
Electrons are also charged and they are also neutral; which means that they will neither be attracted nor repelled. This means that they may be at rest but have the potential to change positions at will, and when they do so they emit an electromagnetic radiation known as an electric field.
This electromagnetic field is caused by the alignment of the electrons with the magnetic field of the magnetism of the magnet and this magnetic field of the magnet is what produces the electrical current. The electron is a particle that is electrically charged and it has an attractive force when it is in a state of alignment with a particular magnetic field.
Electrons have also been called gluons, since they are similar to gluons in that they also carry an electric charge. Gluons are found in gluon fields which occur in a variety of collider experiments. These gluon fields also play a role in quantum chemistry and quantum mechanics.
Electrons are not always in a particular state. In fact they are always in an excited state, which is what makes them a particle and not a wave.
Electrons can travel long distances through space and they move at speeds in the universe that would make it impossible for anything to detect them without using a particle detector. However electrons will pass right through some of the most powerful magnets available because they will change from one state to another as the magnetic field interacts with the electrons.
The Quantum Chemistry of Loosely-Bound Electrons has a very complex subject. It involves not only elementary particles and the properties of these particles but the interactions of gravity and space itself.